« La science ouverte est un moyen et non une fin en soi, et elle est beaucoup plus qu’un accès ouvert aux publications ou aux données ; elle comprend de nombreux aspects et étapes dans le processus de recherche, permettant ainsi une reproductibilité et une réutilisation des résultats scientifiques » (*)
(*) OECD (2015), « Making Open Science a Reality », OECD Science Technology and Industry Policy Papers, No. 25, OECD Publishing, Paris. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5jrs2f963zs1-en
The Sci-GaIA Open Science Platform
The Sci-GaIA project has developed and deployed a standard-based Open Science Platform that supports federated authentication.
Users can access a federated Open Science Platform to reproduce, re-use and publish their research products and link them to their ORCID profile to increase the visibility of both Science and scientists.
The Knowledge Base
The e-Infrastructure Knowledge Base (KB) is one of the largest existing e-Infrastructure related digital information systems. It currently contains information, gathered both from dedicated surveys and other web and documental sources, for largely more than half of the countries in the world.
The Open Access Repository
Open Access repositories are powered by Digital Asset Management Systems (DAMS), which are intertwined structures incorporating both software and hardware that take care of management tasks and decisions surrounding the ingestion, annotation, cataloguing, storage, retrieval and distribution of digital assets.
The Science Gateway
By definition, a Science Gateway is a "community-development set of tools, applications, and data that is integrated via a portal or a suite of applications, usually in a graphical user interface, that is further customized to meet the needs of a specific community".
The e-Infrastructure Forum
More than a “cold” set of rules, Open Science is an attitude in carrying out scientific research. So, in order to promote it, one has to openly discuss all aspects of science and research, especially when these rely on the use of modern e-Infrastructures.
The Online Courses
In the last 30 years or so, scientific computing has steadily evolved from centralized to a more distributed environments. This has been due to the concurrent availability of cost-effective “Commercial Of The Shelf” (COTS) components and decrease of costs of Local Area Networks.
Open Science Enablers
The Open Science vision can be implemented only if the “openness” paradigm becomes pervasive in day-by-day research.
All services of the Sci-GaIA Open Science Platform support federated identities. This means that users can sign in on all of them using the credentials given to them by their organisation. The services support the OASIS Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) standard and its Shibboleth and SimpleSAMLphp implementations.
An open standard “is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process)”. There is no single definition and interpretations vary with usage. The terms open and standard have a wide range of meanings associated with their usage.
Open Access refers to “online research outputs that are free of all restrictions on access (e.g., access tolls) and free of many restrictions on use (e.g. certain copyright and license restrictions)”. Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses, book chapters, and monographs.
Digital Object Identifiers
A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a serial code used to uniquely identify objects. The DOI system is particularly used for electronic documents such as journal articles and it is becoming popular also to uniquely tag datasets.
Open Educational Resources
Open Science Commons
The commons is “the cultural and natural resources accessible to all members of a society, including natural materials such as air, water, and a habitable earth”. These resources are held in common, not owned privately. The term "commons" derives from the traditional English legal term for common land, which are also known as "Commons".